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1月26日雅思大作文真题参考范文

2019-01-29 16:12     供稿单位: 新航道     原创作者:唐伟胜    

出国英语考试有哪些 雅思6.5是什么水平 雅思阅读评分标准 托福阅读评分标准 雅思和托福的区别

  每场雅思考试之后,第一时间分享本场考试雅思A类大作文的范文权威解析。欢迎每周锁定。

 

  2018年1月26日

  雅思大作文题目

  女性适合?#26412;?#23519;或参军吗?

  “Some people believe that women should play an equal role as men in a country's police force or military force, while others think women are not suitable for these kinds of jobs. Discuss both views and give your opinion. ”

 

 

  解析&审题

  本题与2016年5月19日的话题几乎重合,但2016年5月 19日题目没有涉及police force,只涉及military force。尽管如此,两次考题性质几乎是一样的。

  题目的核心观点是:有些人认为男性?#22242;?#24615;可以平等地加入警察和部队,而其他人认为女性不适合这类工作。因此,本问题其实问的就是:到底女性能否像男人一样?#26412;?#23519;和军人?对这种问题,无非可能有如下三种态度:(1)同意,女性可以?#26412;?#23519;,可以参军;(2)不同意,女人不可以?#26412;?#23519;参军;(3)部分同意,部分不同意,女人可以?#26412;?#23519;参军,但分工应该与男人不同,不能同等。

  如果我们写第一种和第二种观点,我们就必须要列举2-3条肯定和否定的理由(比如,身体原因,心理原因,社会原因等);如果我们写第三种观点,我们?#22270;?#35201;分析肯定的理由,又要分析否定的理由,并在最后提出自己的观点,比如认为女性可以参军,但在这份工作里的分工应该有别于男性等等。

  这个题目吊诡的地方就是,有些同学可能担心自己的“政治正确性”(political correctness),即比较害怕讨论第二个观点,似乎这样就是不尊重女性,就是歧视女性。但唐老师认为,如果你觉得第二个观点更好表达,你完全可以写第二个观点(当然,你可以想办法把自己的观点表达得更加soft一些)。雅思考试一般不会因为你的政治正确性来扣分,主要还是看你是否通过恰当的语言表达出了你需要表达的观点。

  现在,你就仔细来看看唐老师是如何来表达这个“政治不正确”的观点的。

 

 

  老师笔记

  01

  Just 100 years ago, policewomen or women soldiers were basically unheard of, yet now in many countries, women can be part of the police force and military force. Not afraid of the accusation of being biased against women or even male chauvinistic, I strongly believe that men and only men should be members of the police and military force.

  仅仅100年前,女警或女兵基本上是闻所未闻的,但现在许多国家,女性可以成为警察部队和军事力量的一部分。不怕被指责我对女性抱有偏见或甚至是大男子主义,我强烈认为,男子且只有男子才应该是警察和军事力量的成员。

  解析

  (1)本段提出现象,并直接表明自己的观点。

  (2)basically 基本上

  (3)accusation 指责

  (4)bias 偏见

  (5)chauvinistic 大男人主义的

 

  02

  In the first place, being a policeman or soldier is extremely demanding physically. With very few exceptions, women are not possibly able to withstand the long hours of military training. For example, a policeman or a soldier sometimes has to remain exposed to the strong sunlight or the heavy storms hours after hours, or run many miles with heavy things carried with him. This means a soldier must possess great strength, stamina and endurance.While I am not willing to say that all women are lacking in these qualities, I am pretty sure that most women are not physically fit to do all this.

  首先,?#26412;?#23519;或士兵对身体的要求是非常?#37327;?#30340;。除?#24605;?#23569;数例外,女性不可能经得起长时间的军事训练。例如,一名警察或一名士兵有时不得不几小时暴露在烈日或风暴?#26657;?#25110;带着沉重的东西跑好几英里。这意味着一个士兵必须拥有力量、耐力和忍耐度。虽然我不愿意说所有的女性?#26082;?#20047;这些素质,但我很肯定大多数女性身体上都不适合做这些事情。

  解析

  (1)本?#26410;由?#20307;方面论证女性不适合从事警察或军人的工作。

  (2)demanding 要求很高的

  (3)exception 例外

  (4)withstand 受得住

  (5)expose...to... 置身于......中

  (6)stamina 耐力

  (7)be lacking in... 缺乏......

 

  03

  Furthermore, if a woman plans to join the police or the army, she will have to deal with a number of social issues. For instance, her parents may have strong objections to this choice of hers, because with a daughter in the police or army, they may meet with inquiring and doubtful eye from their neighbors and friends. It was for this reason that my cousin sister had to give up her dream of becoming a soldier. Even if a woman does become part of the police or the army, she will have to learn to face a world full of the opposite sex. She may feel completely at odds with the rules and disciplines which are designed predominantly for men.

  此外,如果一名女性计划加入警察或军队,她将不得不面对一些社会问题。例如,她的父母可能强烈反对她的这种选择,因为若女儿在警察或军队,他们可能会遇到邻居?#22242;?#21451;的询问和怀疑的目光。正是因为这个原因,我表妹不得不放弃了她成为一个士兵的梦想。?#35789;?#19968;个女性成为警察或军队的一员,她也必须学会面对一个充满异性的世界。她可能会觉得与那些主要是为男性而设计的规则?#22270;?#24459;格格不入。

  解析

  (1)本?#26410;?#31038;会的角度论证女性不适合?#26412;?#23519;或参军。

  (2)objection 反对

  (3)inquiring 询问的

  (4)the opposite sex 异性

  (5)be at odds with... 与......格格不入

  (6)predominantly 主要地

 

  04

  To conclude, physically, emotionally, and socially speaking, women are not suitable to serve in the police or armed forces. However, this does not mean that women do not have their share of responsibility to protect their country. As a supporter of "labor distribution" theory, I think women can help the men serving in the police and the army by taking care of their parents, children, and the family. This is as important as working in the police or the army themselves.

  总之,就身体、情感和社会而言,女性不适合在警察或军队服役。?#27426;?#36825;并不意味着妇女无须分担保护国家的责任。作为“劳动分工”理论的支持者,我认为女性可以通过照顾他们的父母、孩子?#22270;?#24237;来帮助在警察和军队中服役的男性。这和她们自己在警察或军队中工作同等重要。

  解析

  (1)本段先总结前面的讨论,同时对话题进行一定程度的?#30001;歟核?#28982;女性不适合参军或?#26412;?#23519;,但她们同样可以为保护国家做出自己的贡?#20303;?/strong>

  (2)This does not mean that... 这并不意味着......

  (3)Share of responsibility 责任分担

  (4)Labor distribution 劳动分工

 

 

 

  7分范文

  

  Just 100 years ago, policewomen or women soldiers were basically unheard of, yet now in many countries, women can be part of the police force and military force. Not afraid of the accusation of being biased against women or even male chauvinistic, I strongly believe that men and only men should be members of the police and military force.

  In the first place, being a policeman or soldier is extremely demanding physically. With very few exceptions, women are not possibly able to withstand the long hours of military training. For example, a policeman or a soldier sometimes has to remain exposed to the strong sunlight or the heavy storms hours after hours, or run many miles with heavy things carried with him. This means a soldier must possess great strength, stamina and endurance.While I am not willing to say that all women are lacking in these qualities, I am pretty sure that most women are not physically fit to do all this.

  Furthermore, if a woman plans to join the police or the army, she will have to deal with a number of social issues. For instance, her parents may have strong objections to this choice of hers, because with a daughter in the police or army, they may meet with inquiring and doubtful eye from their neighbors and friends. It was for this reason that my cousin sister had to give up her dream of becoming a soldier. Even if a woman does become part of the police or the army, she will have to learn to face a world full of the opposite sex. She may feel completely at odds with the rules and disciplines which are designed predominantly for men.

  To conclude, physically, emotionally, and socially speaking, women are not suitable to serve in the police or armed forces. However, this does not mean that women do not have their share of responsibility to protect their country. As a supporter of "labor distribution" theory, I think women can help the men serving in the police and the army by taking care of their parents, children, and the family. This is as important as working in the police or the army themselves.

  (364 words)

  建议背诵的句子

  1. Not afraid of the accusation of being biased against women or even male chauvinistic, I strongly believe that men and only men should be members of the police and military force.

  不怕被指责我对女性抱有偏见或甚至是大男子主义,我强烈认为,男子且只有男子才应该是警察和军事力量的成员。

  2. While I am not willing to say that all women are lacking in these qualities, I am pretty sure that most women are not physically fit to do all this.

  虽然我不愿意说所有的女性?#26082;?#20047;这些素质,但我很肯定大多数女性身体上都不适合做这些事情。

  3. Even if a woman does become part of the police or the army, she will have to learn to face a world full of the opposite sex. She may feel completely at odds with the rules and disciplines which are designed predominantly for men.

  ?#35789;?#19968;个女性成为警察或军队的一员,她也必须学会面对一个充满异性的世界。她可能会觉得与那些主要是为男性而设计的规则?#22270;?#24459;格格不入。

  4. As a supporter of "labor distribution" theory, I think women can help the men serving in the police and the army by taking care of their parents, children, and the family.

  作为“劳动分工”理论的支持者,我认为女性可以通过照顾他们的父母、孩子?#22270;?#24237;来帮助在警察和军队中服役的男性。

 

 

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